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Nipah Virus Wiki Precautions to be away from this disease

Nipah Virus Wiki Precautions to be away from this disease

Nipah Virus Wiki Precautions to be away from this disease. Nipah virus (NiV) infection is a newly emerging zoonosis that causes severe disease in both animals and humans. The natural host of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus.

NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease that took place in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia in 1998. On this occasion, pigs were the intermediate hosts. However, in subsequent NiV outbreaks, there were no intermediate hosts. In Bangladesh in 2004, humans became infected with NiV as a result of consuming date palm sap that had been contaminated by infected fruit bats. Human-to-human transmission has also been documented, including in a hospital setting in India.

The Nipah virus is a zoonotic infectious disease that spreads from fruit bats to humans. It can be transmitted to humans from animals (bats, pigs), and can also be transmitted directly from human-to-human.

“It carries high mortality ranging from 75 to 100%. It affects the brain and causes depressed sensorial, fever and respiratory depression. People who consume pork are at high risk. Treatment is supportive as there are no vaccines or antiviral medications,”

Facts:

  • Nipah Virus causes a rare Brain Fever caused by Fruit bats.
  • if you are experiencing High fever, Terrible Headache, and trouble in breathing, there are chances you are infected with Nipah Virus presently.

Nipah Virus Wiki, Precautions to be away from this disease. Precaution to be away from this Nipah Virus disease

Prevention of Nipah virus infection is important since there is no effective treatment for the disease.

Step #1:

The infection can be prevented by avoiding exposure to bats in endemic areas and sick pigs.

Step #2:

Drinking of raw palm sap (palm toddy) contaminated by bat excrete, eating of fruits partially consumed by bats and using water from wells infested by bats should be avoided.

Step #3:

Bats are known to drink toddy that is collected in open containers, and occasionally urinate in it, which makes it contaminated with the virus.

Step #4:

Don’t eat partly consumed fruits.

Step #5:

Be careful about your kids during this Mango season.

Step #6:

Eat fruits only after proper washing.

Signs and Symptoms:

The symptoms start to appear within 3–14 days after exposure. Initial symptoms are fever, headache, drowsiness followed by disorientation and mental confusion. These symptoms can progress into coma as fast as in 24–48 hours. Encephalitis, inflammation of the brain, is the dreaded complication of nipah virus infection. Respiratory illness can also be present during the early part of the illness. Nipah-case patients who had breathing difficulty are more likely than those without respiratory illness to transmit the virus.

Outbreaks

The outbreak of Nipah virus, spread by fruit bats that infects both animals and humans, came to light when two brothers and their aunt in Perambara of Kozhikode district died within a few weeks. As of now, 13 patients were confirmed afflicted with the virus.
2 patients were afflicted with this virus in Karnataka.
11 dead in Kerala with this virus.

Surveillance and awareness are important for preventing future outbreaks.

The association of this disease within reproductive cycle of bats is not well studied. Standard infection control practices should be enforced to prevent nosocomial infections. A subunit vaccine using the Hendra G protein was found to produce cross-protective antibodies against henipavirus and nipavirus has been used in monkeys to protect against Hendra virus.

The outbreak of Nipah virus (NiV) has been contained and there was no need to panic, but there was a need to be alert.

Click here: Medicine to cure this disease



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